Home Health What Happens when Varicose Veins Burst?

What Happens when Varicose Veins Burst?


Did you know, that in the U.S alone, as many as 1 in 2 people are believed to suffer with some sort of venous disease. A venous disease is described as an improper functioning of the vein valves which are located within the legs. 

Often, this can lead to varicose veins, which can not only be unsightly and lead us to feel self-conscious, they can also cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. On top of that, there is also a more serious risk of a varicose vein bursting. When this occurs, medical attention must be sought and the varicose veins must be addressed. 

Because of the structure of varicose veins, as they are in a weakened state, they are more prone to trauma and ruptures which can lead to excessive bleeding from even minimal contact with something sharp. 

But what are varicose veins exactly, what causes them, and what happens if your varicose veins burst? 

What are varicose veins?

As you are probably aware, we all have veins in our bodies as they are there to transport blood around the body from one part to the next. Veins serve a very real and very important function, yet sometimes they can become varicosed. 

Varicose veins are more often than not, not serious and only provide superficial harm in that they can make us feel self-conscious about them as some people do consider them unsightly. 

Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins resulting from overfilled or dilated veins. They tend to look swollen and are much more visible against the skin than regular veins. Usually in a brighter shade of blue or purple, varicose veins are common, particularly in women, though as many as 1 in every 4 adults suffers with the condition. 

Whereas varicose veins can appear anywhere where there are veins, they are much more common in the legs, usually in and around the calves. 

What happens when a varicose vein bursts?

Now, those of you who are squeamish may wish to skip this part, although we recommend that you don’t as it’s very important. 

Varicose veins can burst for a whole host of different reasons, though primarily it comes down to an increase in pressure in the veins which causes the walls to stretch and weaken. Eventually, it ruptures and begins bleeding. 

Internally, if a varicose vein bursts but does not break the skin, it can lead to blood loss, pain, dizziness, and general discomfort. 

Externally, if a varicose vein bursts and the skin is broken, a significant amount of bleeding will then occur. As mentioned, as the veins burst due to an increase in pressure, as the pressure builds, it results in profuse and significant bleeding. When/if this occurs, seek immediate emergency attention in order to prevent blood loss. 

What to do if a varicose vein bursts?

If your varicose vein does burst, elevate the leg or affected limb as this will reduce pressure and slow circulation to the affected area.

If bleeding has occurred, pressure should be applied to the wound using a bandage, clean towel, or clean cotton shirt. 

Seek immediate emergency medical attention and get it taken care of as quickly as possible.